It is important to visit your physician if you think you are suffering from symptoms of cystitis. It is especially important to do so if you have suffered from cystitis more than twice in the last six months, or three times in the last year. Your physician will provide you with appropriate treatment and advice on lifestyle changes and preventive measures to help avoid further infections.

"Antibiotic resistance is the ability of the bacteria to resist the antibiotic. Unfortunately, antibiotic resistance has increased and spread around the world."

"When you have a UTI, you must be treated with a short course of antibiotics, usually. But for recurrent UTIs, personally I believe this is not a good strategy, not even with low-dose antibiotics, because of the problem of resistance."

Professor Matteo Bassetti, Infectious Diseases

    Antibiotic treatment
    Antibiotics are prescribed to treat cystitis because they kill the bacteria that are causing the infection. The course usually lasts between one and seven days, according to the particular antibiotic prescribed.1

    If you are prescribed antibiotics, it is important that you complete the full course as advised by your physician. If you do not, some bacteria are likely to remain and symptoms can return. Bacteria can also become resistant to particular antibiotics, which means they are not destroyed if that antibiotic is used again to treat infection.

    Resistance to commonly-prescribed antibiotics is an increasing problem.2 It is therefore important to be aware of preventive (prophylactic) measures that are available to you.


Painkillers and anti-inflammatory medication can be prescribed together with antibiotics, to help ease the pain and discomfort of your symptoms. It is important to speak to your physician about the best form of pain relief for you, especially if you are pregnant.3

Expert advice

"Normally to cure immediately the symptoms of urinary tract infection you should get antibiotic treatment. You can normally cure successfully the symptoms of the acute situation but too often the treatment of antibiotics will change the microbiome and would have a high rate of resistance in these bacteria."

"You can normally successfully cure the symptoms of the acute situation but too often treatment with antibiotics will change the microbiome and there is a high rate of resistance in these bacteria"

Professor Hartwig W. Bauer
Consultant Urologist