ABOUT CYSTITIS

Cystitis is one of the most common bacterial infections, causing inflammation of the bladder and a number of unpleasant symptoms.

Among healthy adults, women represent 90% of patients with urinary tract infections.1 It most frequently affects women because a woman's urethra is shorter than a man's and is very close to the vagina and anus [see Figure 1], which both contain a lot of bacteria that can easily be unintentionally transferred to the bladder via the urethra.2

Figure 1: Diagram showing female urinary system (stock image)

Over 50% of women will suffer from cystitis at least once in their lifetime. Of these, 25% to 50% will suffer another infection within one year.3 If you have experienced two bladder infections in the last six months, or three infections in the past year, you have what is defined as recurrent cystitis.4 It is important that you visit your physician for advice on recommended lifestyle changes and preventive measures to help avoid further infections.

Men and children who have symptoms of cystitis are likely to have an underlying anatomical or functional problem of the urinary tract that promotes bacterial infection (eg. an obstruction of the urinary tract or a malformation they were born with). It is very important that they visit their physician immediately to seek expert diagnosis and appropriate treatment, which might be surgery.5,6,7

Expert advice

"If you have a urinary tract infection as a female you will get a recurrence in 25% in the first 6 months and if you get two recurrences in the first six months it is called a recurrent urinary tract infection and it's the same as if you have three recurrences in 12 months, then also we call it a recurrent urinary tract infection. Every second woman will get one infection in her lifetime and every seventh female will get a recurrence."

"If you get two recurrences in the first six months it is called a recurrent urinary tract infection and it's the same as if you have three recurrences in 12 months."

Professor Hartwig W. Bauer
Consultant Urologist

"Some bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics"

Professor Matteo Bassetti
Infectious Diseases